Tuesday, August 25, 2020

How powerful is The Bell Jar as a feminist text Free Essays

The Bell Jar is an endeavor by Sylvia Plath to expound on growing up as a lady, in America during the forties and fifties. It was first distributed in January 1963, preceding the battles for equivalent rights were bantered in the late sixties and seventies. This was one of just a couple of books, at now is the ideal time, wherein the principle character and storyteller was a lady. We will compose a custom exposition test on How incredible is The Bell Jar as a women's activist content? or on the other hand any comparative theme just for you Request Now The tale may likewise show Esther’s look for her personality, she thinks she realizes what she needs however she turns out to be increasingly more unsure as the novel unfurls. The battle for ladies in those days is something which would we couldn't in any way, shape or form comprehend. A woman couldn't get an advance from the bank without her better half or father co-marking it. Unmarried ladies were denied anti-conception medication, and young ladies ought not go to school. On the off chance that they did it was normal that they were searching for a spouse. Different young ladies in Esther’s residence in school revealed to her she was squandering her â€Å"golden school years†. All through the book, there are numerous conceivable good examples for Esther, not all of who impact her. Jay Cee is an accomplished, fruitful proofreader at the magazine where Esther has won an entry level position. Plath composes of Jay Cee as being fairly manly. This may have been on the grounds that at the time just men were fruitful so she felt for a lady to be effective she must be masculine. Anyway Esther begins to point a portion of her resentment towards Jay Cee †â€Å"Jay Cee needed to show me something, all the old women I ever realize needed to show me something, yet I unexpectedly didn’t think they had anything to instruct me. † Esther longed for turning into an artist, yet even her mom didn't trust in her desire. Her mom felt the main way she would succeed was on the off chance that she learnt shorthand, as the most noteworthy position she could ever persuade was to be a secretary. Mrs. Greenwood never tuned in to what Esther needed to state nor did she react to her in any significant manner. Mrs Greenwood felt that she was the ideal mother and the best way to show that was by raising the ideal arrangement of kids. The children’s job was to act well to mirror their mother’s goodness. So when Esther wouldn't have stun medicines, Mrs. Greenwood stated, â€Å"I knew my infant wasn’t like that, I knew you’d choose to be okay once more. † A ton of Esther’s outrage is pointed towards her mom and may even be the base of her disease. Mrs. Greenwood is everything that Esther doesn’t need to be, which is the explanation she prefers not to acclimate. She feels that on the off chance that she begins doing what â€Å"normal ladies† do she will wind up like her mom. Esther even went the extent that talking off her own mother’s demise. At the point when the two of them rested in a similar room, Esther says, † The greedy clamor aggravated me, and for some time I couldn't help suspecting that the best way to stop it is take the section of skin and ligament from which it rose and contort it to quietness between my hands. † After composing the book, Sylvia Plath disclosed to her sibling that she needed the novel to be distributed under a nom de plume. Back then, or even today, demise wishes were not actually the things to fulfill parental dreams. Pal Willard is first observed, in the content, as a run of the mill American male. Mrs. Greenwood says of him â€Å"he’s so athletic thus attractive thus intelligent†¦ sort of individual a young lady should remain clean for. † Before Esther becomes more acquainted with him she thinks he’s superb, yet as they improve familiar her mentality towards him changes. Mate Willard is a prime case of a cocksure male. He thinks men rule the world while ladies should simply do what they’re told. This doesn't help Esther when she is attempting to discover her job inside society to feel acknowledged. Amigo Willard is shallow and does literally nothing to cause Esther to feel great about herself. He’s unfeeling and cumbersome in his dealings with Esther. He alludes to her verse as residue; in this way excusing the one thing that she accepts has incredible worth, through pomposity. The rationale in her scorn for all the men in the novel with the exception of one may come from the way that Sylvia Plath’s spouse left her in 1962 and she composed â€Å"The Bell Jar† a year after. Anyway her sonnet â€Å"Daddy†, which she wrote in exactly the same year was significantly harsher towards her dad and was to a greater degree a gut reaction. Something else that profoundly irritated Esther was the twofold standard for people. On the off chance that a man laid down with a lady without cherishing her it was totally worthy, yet on the off chance that a lady laid down with a man whom she didn’t love, at that point she could be marked a prostitute. There are legitimate codes of conduct, especially sexual ones for ladies and Mrs. Greenwood ensures Esther is aware of those by sending her a flyer about these codes. Anyway Buddy isn't required to hold fast to a similar arrangement of rules, so when Esther discovers he laid down with a server, she shouldn’t be harmed in light of the fact that it didn’t mean anything! It is one of Esther’s wants to be explicitly liberal, alongside being an artist or a fruitful author. The most effective method to refer to How amazing is The Bell Jar as a women's activist content?, Papers

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Philippine Fruits Export Study free essay sample

The Bureau of Agricultural Statistics or BAS is an organization under the Department of Agriculture, which was begun by government endeavors to improve the rural database in the nation. The Bureau gives the factual records, results and changes of our Agriculture and it additionally gives specialized help to end-clients in getting to and breaking down item, advertise data and technology.Looking back, our country’s horticultural information framework experienced noteworthy holes, a few duplications and incidental issues on the importance of certain information arrangement to our fares and shoppers. The Bureau of Agricultural Statistics is the key government office for the proficient assortment, handling, investigation and spread of legitimate insights on farming and fisheries as contributions to arrangement and choice towards a manageable agrarian development.Moreover, the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics is a sound rural measurable association conveying excellent items and adm inistrations by a skillful workforce, utilizing suitable advances to help the data needs of partners. We will compose a custom paper test on Philippine Fruits Export Study or on the other hand any comparative point explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page The Bureau of Agricultural Statistics were developed due to three significant reasons, first the organization liable for rural insights, the Bureau of Agricultural Economics or(BAEcon), was initially set up as a client as opposed to a maker of measurements. Second, the improvement of farming insights got exceptionally low need in the sharing of restricted assets allocated to the measurable framework and finally the far reaching duplication of factual exercises among government offices bringing about clashing figures and disarray among information clients. To react to these conditions, the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics was set up as one of the seven authorities of the Department of Agriculture under Executive Order No. 116 gave on January 30, 1987, to assume responsibility for the creation of measurements on horticulture, fishery and related field of our country.In the year 2000, the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics auxiliary association was reinforced and reoriented as per the important arrangements of the DA Administrative Order No. 6 arrangement of 1998 in consistence with the arrangements of the Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act or RA8435 of 1997. At long last, this law assigns the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics as the focal data source and server of the National Information Network (NIN) of the Department of Agriculture. The analysts chose to concentrate on the organic products fare of the Philippines, as it is one of the most significant in our farming. The analysts likewise decided to examine and break down two examples which are the natural products send out in the year 2008(Sample 1) and the organic products fare of 2009(Sample 2). The scientists decided to consider and dissect 11 sorts of organic products in each example. The analysts need to test if there was a distinction in the two related populaces through theory testing. There are various components that may prompt the dismissal of the invalid theory. The invalid speculation of this investigation guarantees that the mean populace contrast is equivalent to zero, H0: D=0.Because the analysts need to demonstrate that the organic product sends out expanded from year 2008 to year 2009, and on the grounds that the thing that matters is figured by taking away year 2009 natural products trade from year 2008 natural products send out, the ideal elective theory is Ha: D0. The examination is noteworthy for it will decide the components that may prompt the conceivable change in the dis tinction between the two ward tests (natural products fare of year 2008 and organic products fare of year 2009). This examination is likewise significant for it will help the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics to decide how they can improve and build the organic products fare of the Philippines.The gathering will decide whether there was a mean populace contrast between the two examples. On the off chance that there was a change, the gathering will at that point register for the certainty interim to appraise the distinction between the two examples. The mean populace distinction will at that point decide the variables that may prompt this change. This will likewise help the Bureau of Agriculture decide the moves they should make with the end goal for them to improve their organic products trade. In addition, this examination will enhance the significance of organic products send out in the Philippines. Issue IdentificationThe scientists need to decide and check whether there was a contrast between the two related populaces. They need to decide and check whether the exportation of organic products in 2009 was more prominent than the exportations of natural products in 2008. Besides, the analysts additionally need to demonstrate their speculation that in the year 2009, it was better and in this way, had more exportation of natural products contrasted with year 2008. Rundown of Data Gathering Methodology Fruits| 2008| 2009| Difference| Avocado| 6| 1| 5| Banana| 2,192,553| 1,664,055| 528498| Calamansi| 20| 34| - 14| Chico| 4| 0. 9| 3. 1|Durian| 3| 1| 2| Jackfruit| 30| 25| 5| Mango| 20845| 20381| 464| Mangosteen| 1| 0. 9| 0. 1| Papaya| 2878| 2305| 573| Pineapple| 291676| 204505| 87171| Watermelon| 535| 549| - 14| Values are in metric tons. Figures got from the Bureau of Agricultural statistics(http://countrystat. bas. gov. ph/determination. asp)| Using the equation for subordinate examples, the specialists deducted the natural product fares of 2008 from the organic product fares of 2009. The analysts got the mean example contrast by separating the summation of the example distinction two by two by the quantity of pairs.Using the t equation for subordinate examples, the scientists concocted the watched estimation of 1. 17, which is lesser than the basic estimation of 1. 182. Since the specialists acknowledged the invalid speculation, it obviously shows that there is a change between mean contrasts of two populaces. There is sufficient proof to infer that the organic products fare of year 2009 didn't increment essentially contrasted with the natural products fare of year 2008, as 1. 17 is exceptionally close to the basic t estimation of 1. 182. This outcome may be utilized by the Bureau of Agriculture to work more on the natural product exportation of the Philippines. The outcome likewise instructs them to have additional exertion in it, as it is a significant factor in the Philippine’s farming. Proposals and Solutions For the improvement of natural product exportation of the Philippines, the analysts suggest that the Bureau of Agriculture contribute more with it. The specialists propose that they make extends explicitly to expand the organic product fares of the Philippines. Moreover, they ought to keep up these undertakings and keep on creating it all together for the quantity of the natural products fare of the Philippines to increment essentially.

Monday, August 10, 2020

Tapering Off Zoloft and Discontinuation Syndrome

Tapering Off Zoloft and Discontinuation Syndrome Depression Treatment Medication Print Tapering Off Zoloft and Discontinuation Syndrome By Nancy Schimelpfening Nancy Schimelpfening, MS is the administrator for the non-profit depression support group Depression Sanctuary. Nancy has a lifetime of experience with depression, experiencing firsthand how devastating this illness can be. Learn about our editorial policy Nancy Schimelpfening Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on January 12, 2016 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on February 04, 2020 More in Depression Treatment Medication Causes Symptoms Diagnosis Types Childhood Depression Suicide Serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)  are fairly well known for having a discontinuation syndrome when the medication is stopped suddenly or if it is rapidly weaned. This is more notable with SSRIs with shorter half-lives such as Paxil (paroxetine) and Zoloft (sertraline) and less common with long half-life medications, such as Prozac (fluoxetine).?? Illustration by Joshua Seong. © Verywell, 2018. Discontinuation Syndrome Zoloft has a half-life of about one day. That means that for every day that passes without taking the medication, the level in the blood falls by 50 percent. After one day, the level is reduced to 50  percent of the original level, after two days to 25 percent, after three days to 12.5  percent, and so on. Because Zoloft leaves your body so quickly, stopping it too abruptly can cause  discontinuation syndrome  to develop. Among the symptoms that may be experienced are nausea, tremor, dizziness,  muscle pains, weakness,  insomnia,  and anxiety. While many people coming off Zoloft have none of these symptoms, some people do have one or more. The symptoms usually last one to two  weeks, but, in some instances, they may gradually decrease over a period as long as a year.?? Discontinuation syndrome may occur for  anyone but is most common in people who have been on a medication for many months or many years. It can be disconcerting for some people as the symptoms may mimic those that had you seek treatment in the first place. Some people are concerned that, rather than being withdrawal symptoms, the symptoms mean that their depression or anxiety symptoms are reappearing. An Overview of Discontinuation Syndrome Symptoms The symptoms of discontinuation syndrome may include:?? FatigueUpset stomachMuscle painInsomniaAnxietyAgitationDizzinessHallucinationsBlurred visionIrritabilityTingling sensationsVivid dreamsSweating or electric shock sensations Some people will experience only minor symptoms and may not make the connection with the changes in their medication regimen, thinking that perhaps they have the flu. For others, the symptoms are so debilitating that they feel they cannot stop their antidepressant for fear of how it will interfere with their lives. Tapering to Prevent Discontinuation Syndrome The best way to avoid or minimize these symptoms is tapering off gradually.?? You should consult your personal physician before attempting to taper. The schedule for tapering off will need to be personalized for you based on such factors as how long you have been taking Zoloft, your current dose, and how you respond to the tapering. In addition, your doctor may advise that quitting your medication at the present time is not a good idea due to your risk of returning depression symptoms. Be aware that there are not any hard and fast rules for tapering off Zoloft. One person may do it within a short amount of time, while another may take longer. Some may even need to use liquid Zoloft or split their pills in half in order to taper in even smaller increments.?? A liquid formulation of Zoloft, which must be prescribed for you by your doctor, allows you to easily measure out smaller quantities of the medication than what is available in pill form. Pills can be split by obtaining an inexpensive device called a pill splitter from your local pharmacy. While no specific schedule can be applied to all individuals, a person taking the upper maintenance level dosage of Zoloft (200 mg) might proceed through dosages of 200mg, 150mg, 100mg, 75mg, and 50mg as he tapers off. And each dosage reduction might occur somewhere between several days to several weeks, depending upon how you respond. Tips for Discontinuing Zoloft Comfortably The best way to avoid severe discontinuation symptoms is to reduce your dose gradually under the supervision of your doctor. If your symptoms are too severe, it may be necessary for you to wean yourself off more slowly. The symptoms will pass in time, however, as your brain adapts to the new dosage. Other options you should follow when reducing or discontinuing your medication are: Work closely with your mental health professional. It may be tempting to quit your medication as soon as you start to feel better, but going off of it too soon can actually cause a relapse. In general, you should stay on your medication for at least four to nine months, and if youve struggled with depression three or more times, you should wait at least two years.?? Talk to your mental health professional about whether or not its a good time to discontinue your medication.  Follow the plan.  Make sure you taper off slowly according to your doctors directions to avoid discontinuation syndrome symptoms.  It may take longer than you think it should, but its important to go slowly, so your brain has adequate time to adjust. It is OK to call your doctor and let her know that you wish to discontinue your medication more slowly. You dont need to try and be a hero.Get outside support.  Keep in touch with your mental health professional, especially if you are having withdrawal symptoms. Think about involving a close friend or family member in your withdrawal as well, since this person can potentially see issues you may be having that you dont notice.If youre not in  psychotherapy,  consider starting it.  Therapy, particularly  cognitive-behavioral therapy  (CBT), can be extremely helpful in keeping depression symptoms at bay by helping you learn how to identify negative thought patterns and change them. Studies have also shown that psychotherapy decreases the likelihood of a relapse.??Stay healthy.  Keep eating right, exercising regularly, getting enough sleep and participating in activities you enjoy. Exercise, in particular, can help increase your serotonin levels, which in turn boosts your mood.?? Just remember to get that workout done at least several hours before bedtime or the rush of adrenaline and endorphins you feel may interfere with your sleep. Stopping Antidepressants? Why You May Feel Fluish

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Trenton, Jersey, Nj Nightlife Best Restaurants Bars

Top Rated Trenton, NJ Nightlife: Best Restaurants Bars Meta Description: Trenton, New Jersey has great restaurants, bars, and other nightlife to choose from. Meta Keywords: Trenton bars, Trenton restaurants, Restaurants in Trenton, Bars in Trenton Trenton, New Jersey Knows How to Show Locals and Tourists a Good Time Trenton, New Jersey may not be the first place you think of when you think nightlife capital of the East Coast. It may not be, that is, unless you live there or have ever traveled through. Trenton has a surprisingly well developed restaurant and bar scene. This town, just shy of one hundred thousand residents, is the state capital so you know it will have nightlife developed beyond what its population would suggest. Restaurants Blame it on the state government; blame it on the administrators at Thomas Edison University. Whomever you choose to blame it on doesn’t matter, the fact that Trenton has a disproportionate number of great eateries, steak houses, and fine dining establishments benefits everyone who lives and works in the state capital regardless of who’s fault it is. Who knows? Considering how many of Trenton’s best restaurants serve Italian, maybe it has nothing to do with the University or the Capital. Regardless, locals and visitors have everything to be thankful for when sampling these great restaurants. Oliver A Bistro http://www.oliverabistro.com/ Consistently ranked among New Jersey’s top fifty restaurants, Oliver A Bistro, offers

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

The Treaty Of Guadalupe Hidalgo Essay - 2270 Words

1. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo †¢ The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was the treaty that end the U.S-Mexico War in 1836. The war began due to the annexation of Texas by the United States which angered Mexico because they believed Texas belong to them. The Treaty gave the United States Texas for free and they paid for $15 million dollars for the rest of the South West territory. The treaty promised Mexicans living in the newly add territory full U.S citizenship, permission to keep their land, and practice their culture. Due to this treaty, the Mexican American identity was born. Legally the treaty stated Mexican American were consider white. However, in practice Mexican American were treated inferior and promises made by the treaty were broken by the United States. Since those promises were broken Mexican American followed a path where they were oppressed. 2. La Malinche/Malintzin †¢ La Malinche was an indigenous woman who serves as a translation for the Spanish Explorers. She was Nahuatl Indian sold to the Mayas in the Cuyacan Peninsula who learned to speak the Mayan language. She as one of the translators for Hernan Cortez during his conquest of the indigenous people of Mexico where learned to speak Spanish as well. She was Cortez’s concubine and was raped where she bears the 1st mestizo. She was a trader and blamed for destruction of the Mexica by her people. As discussed on the online lecture her role in history is view different depending an individual’s view of herShow MoreRelatedThe Treaty Of Guadalupe Hidalgo1654 Words   |  7 Pagescity is captured February 2nd, 1848: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed February 1848: Mexican territories ceded Signed on February 2, 1848, in Guadalupe Hidalgo, a city north of the capital. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed by the U.S. and Mexico. The United States appointed Nicholas P. Trist, a citizen of the United States and the Mexican Republic has appointed Don Luis Gonzaga Cuevas, Don Bernardo Couto, and Don Miguel Atristain. This Treaty, brought to an end the Mexican AmericanRead MoreTreaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo5187 Words   |  21 PagesRESISTANCE TO THE BROKEN PROMISES OF THE TREATY OF GUADALUPE HIDALGO Katie Menante Anderson INTRODUCTION Human beings, no matter what race or ethnicity or place or time, will not tolerate injustice forever. Webster’s defines injustice as a â€Å"violation of the right or of the rights of another† (Merriam-Webster, 1990). The history of the United States is filled with such violations. From the early challenges to religious freedom in Massachusetts to the broken treaties and systematic removal of NativeRead MoreThe Treaty Of Guadalupe Hidalgo Essay1672 Words   |  7 PagesThe Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed in 1848, officially ended the war between Mexico and the United States. Even though it happened over 168 years ago, its legacy persists, because the treaty redefined the border and the border region. Under the terms of the treaty, Mexicans who suddenly found themselves living in the United States choose either Mexican citizenship, in which case they would have to relocate south of the new border, or to stay where they were and become citizens of the UnitedRea d MoreThe Treaty Of The Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty1009 Words   |  5 PagesThe ratification of the Guadalupe hidalgo treaty (1848) led to an enormous increase of land for United States. Previous disputes that included the desire to annex Texas into Mexico was ultimately resolved through the passing of the Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty of 1848. Remuneration was requested from the republic of Mexico which was granted by the U.S. This movement allowed and officially surrendered the land bounded by California and the Rio Grande river. Although Texas had been annexed in 1845 toRead MoreEssay about The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo1484 Words   |  6 PagesThe Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1948 would have lasting negative effects on Mexican Americans. The Treaty was signed after America had won the Mexican American war. America gained possession of the southwest states that had been part of Mexico for the price of around eighteen million dollars. In Article IX of the Treaty, it states that the Mexicans shall be maintained and protected in the free enjoyment of their liberty and property, and secured in theRead MoreAftermath of the Mexican War and the â€Å"Peace† Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo1218 Words   |  5 Pagesdisastrous. When the treaty ending the war was signed, there were perhaps eighty thousand Mexican residents in the former Mexican territories that became the Southwestern United States. In the years that followed the war they suffered a massive loss of land and political influence. In early 1848, following the United States capture and occupation of Mexico City, negotiations drew up a preliminary draft of the treaty. After revision by the Senate, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed in the VillaRead MoreThe Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The treaty that ended the Mexican-American War in 1848.2104 Words   |  9 PagesThe Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which came into effect on 2 February 1848, ended the Mexican-American war and formally resolved territorial disputes resulting from that conflict. The treaty required the U.S. government to pay the Mexican government $15 million dollars, this in return for an expanse of territory that later became the states of Arizona, New Mexico, and parts of Utah, Nevada, and Colorado. I intend to argue that the treaty benefitted the people who inhabited, and later came to inhabitRead MoreA Piece of History to Young Readers, The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: A Legacy of Conflict by Richard Griswold del Castillo1575 Words   |  6 PagesGriswold Del Castillo, Richard. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: A Legacy of Conflict. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990. Richard Griswold del Castillo was born on October 26, 1942 in Los Angeles, California. His parents are Mr. Stanley and Mrs. Marie who made him who he is now. He is married to Maryann Girard and has two sons, who are named Charles and Ariel. Castillo also went to the University of California and a couple other universities besides California. He was a professorRead MoreThe Determination Of The Rio Grande1377 Words   |  6 Pagesdestined to expand west to the pacific ocean, so the united states expand into mexico, but mexico wanted to keep the land that they already had, so this sparked the Mexican war between Mexico and the united states. The war was ended by the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, but it also placed the Rio Grande as the border between Texas and Mexico. Border control of the Rio grande was very important. Mexico could try to invade Texas again, so Texas put the Texas rangers on border control of the Rio Grande.Read MoreRelationship Between Mexico And Mexico1425 Words   |  6 Pagessignificant tensions that began in the 19th century with the Mexican War that ended with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo played a significant role in establishing the border between the United States and Mexico, property and civil rights for Mexican nationals, border patrol, and labor disputes that still influence the United States today. The signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo not only ended the Mexican War, but also was also vital in influencing the history of

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Beach Free Essays

Amanda Matya The Beach The bright sun emerges up over the water, like a giant lollipop coming out over the horizon. The sky fills with its fierce pink and orange glow. A strong gust of wind blows past me, warms my face and the fresh scent of the salty ocean water makes its way through my nostrils as I take a deep breath taking it all in. We will write a custom essay sample on The Beach or any similar topic only for you Order Now The warmth of the sun covers my whole body like a blanket. You can hear the faint sounds of seagulls in the distance out searching for their morning breakfast. I can tell this day is already going to be beautiful. As I walk along the beach, the grainy sand sinks beneath my feet, in between my toes and then covering my toes with sand with every step. I can feel the half crushed seashells under my feet. As I get closer to the water the sand becomes a moist damper substance almost like walking on a wet sponge. The water is warm on my feet as the tide flows in a slow repetitive motion up and down the sea shell covered beach. The waves rippling against the shore remind me of a couple making love so passionately. This is my favorite place to be. Beach shop owners opening their shops and early morning joggers start to accumulate at the beginning of their day. Early morning boaters are spotted on the horizon. Some days you can even see cruise ships sailing past. Soon there will be happy little kids running around with their yellow and red pails and shovels. Making sandcastles and motes, running around chasing each other, with their sunscreen covered bodies, trying to catch fish and other sea animals. Parents under their big beach umbrellas catching the mid-day sun rays. There are groups of young kids playing volleyball, and guys playing catch. Everywhere there are lots of laughter and amusement. This is the place where I feel most free. It’s so peaceful to lie on the beach with a long beach towel, a sweet cool drink and a good romantic book, it is very easy to lose yourself into complete paradise. Have good laughs with friends and enjoy a beautiful amazing day on the beach. When on the beach for some reason gives you a feeling of being calm and relaxed. It is a beautiful equation where the water meets land. If I could spend every day on the beach I would. Only one word of advice remember to always wear sunscreen! How to cite The Beach, Papers

Saturday, May 2, 2020

International Human Resource Cultures and Management

Question: Discuss about the International Human Resource Cultures and Management. Answer: Introduction The purpose of the following paper is to make fruitful review of several critical theories and concepts regarding the aspect of organizational human resource management (HRM). More precisely, the present discourse is attempting to evaluate theoretical perceptions regarding four chief premises of organizational human resource management, which are organizational culture, employee training and development, international performance management and diversity management. Most significantly, in terms of drawing relevant evidences, the paper will consider the provided case study of the organization that manufactures and sells aircrafts. Henceforth, the aim of the paper is to review relevant literatures on organizational HRM and is to identify whether the organization in the case study is lacking in any of the above-mentioned premises of organizational HRM or not. In this context, it is required to mention that efficiency of the human resources or of the employees highly determine the success of a particular business organization. It is the responsibility of the human resource department of every business organization to control, monitor and manage performances of the employees (Vermeeren et al. 2014). In other words, it is to say that organizational HRM is a comprehensive approach towards the people or employee management. Therefore, understandably it is the accountability of the HRM department of every organization to focus on organizational culture, diversity and performance management through making continuous performance development. Diversity management and culture According to Nica (2013), in the theoretical premise of organizational HRM, diversity management is a comparatively new approach. However, the phrase organizational diversity fundamentally refers to the differences, which exists between individuals in an organization. Therefore, diversity management is supposed to be a strategic management that is utilized in order to enable best practices for creating a diverse as well as inclusive workplace. It has been identified that according to the Institutional Theory of the diversity management, for determining structure of an organization it is essential to give importance to the social environment found within the organization (Wei et al. 2014). Furthermore, the theory underpins that an organizations legislations, regulations, professional and social norms are some of the chief limiting factors for the behaviours of the employees in an enterprise. On the other hand, the resource based theoretical concept of diversity management prioritize the fact that implementation of diversity in the workplace strongly affects the resources of an organization. Furthermore, the theory denotes that four main resources, which determine organizational success, are physical, financial, human and corporate capital (Shafritz et al. 2015). The distinct theoretical perspective believes that organizations with stable diversity acquire relatively more business advantages than those enterprises, which do not implement diversity within their work culture. Alongside, it should be denoted that racial diversity in organizations successfully increases the financial productivity of the organizations. Specifically, racial diversity within workplace works best when an organization utilizes an innovation strategy. However, in this respect, it is significant to elaborate that success of diversity management or maintaining diversity within the work place is highly dependent upon individual organizational culture. According to Clegg et al. (2015), organizational culture means a combination of assumptions, philosophies, values, attitude, expectation and norms, which is shared among the human resources of an organization. On the other hand, as per Burke (2013), organizational culture should be defined as a human intervention that produces solidarity, inspired commitment as well as productivity. However, possibly the most well-considered definition of organizational culture says that organizational culture is a particular system that consists shared values as well as beliefs, which are interacted within structure, work force and control system of an organization (Fay et al. 2015). In this context, it is required to imply that the need of sharing values among organizational structure, control system and the people of a company is to create convenient behavioural norms. Therefore, considering varied definitions of organizational culture, it can be said that diversity management should be integrated within organizational culture as per the reason that organisational culture aims to accomplish organizational goals. Henceforth, it can be said that diversity management relies upon the premise of organizational culture. Most significantly, organizational culture is considered as a system that is supposed to prioritize both the ideas of an organization and the fundamental socio-cultural aspects (Yahya and Tan 2015). If an organizations culture does not support the idea of maintaining a diverse work culture then it is a possibility that the employees and management of that organization would suffer from discriminations in the racial, religious, age or disability ground (Tzabbar et al. 2017). However, considering the provided case study, it is unfortunate to denote that the concerned organization No Name is suffering from weak and disappointing organizational culture as well as a poor diversity management. The organization is a strong evident that indicates what exactly can happen if an organization does not follow an appropriate organizational culture and workforce diversity. More precisely, from the case study, it is understandable that the human resource department of the organization is taking no responsibility for maintaining workplace diversity. The case study is indicative of the fact that the organization does not prefer to recruit people who have physical disabilities and at the same time, there is found high intolerance among the employees and the management with working with those who belong to different culture and generations. Therefore, it can be said that there is age as well as disability discrimination within the organization. On the other hand, after ha ving a coherent understanding about the organizational culture and diversity management from the initial discourse, it can be said that the organization of the case study does not address any of the theoretical definitions of the organizational diversity. It is because of the reason that there is no adequate communication and coordination among the employees of the organization. The fundamental principle of the organizational culture says that organizational culture is responsible for sharing the organizational values among the internal stakeholders. The case study company, on the contrary indicates that employees are lacking productive quality and integration. Therefore, it is easy to indicate that no proper organizational culture and diversity management are harming the profit margin as well as reputation of the No Name enterprise. International performance management The concept behind the phrase international performance management says that it is a particular process that through which an organization can evaluate as well as can improvise the corporate performances in order to achieve pre-set organizational goals. Fundamentally, performance management is a relative organizational term that is indicative of a particular procedure that is employed for obtaining better results from teams and individuals within an organization (Kirton and Greene 2015). Therefore, performance management on international level means managing employee, management and team performances of an organization that has operates in an international level and has international subsidiaries. In the words of Wondrak and Segert (2015), performance management is the name of a particular development of working individuals with commitment as well as competence for accomplishing organizational objectives. Nevertheless, it has been identified that performance management or international performance management is a fundamental concept in the premise of the human resource management (Akron et al. 2016). However, it is to denote in this context that the concept of performance management is various times mistaken as the concept of performance appraisal. It is to clarify in this respect that performance appraisal is a part or powerful tool of performance management. The grandeur of the objectives of performance management becomes bigger when an organization becomes international. Nonetheless, it has been found out that the elements of an appropriate performance management system includes setting the objectives, measuring performances, feedback acquisition regarding performance result, reward or performance appraisals based on performances outcomes and objective amendment (Buckingham and Goodall 2015). However, as per Kang and Shen (2017), in the entire cycle of performance management, there is an important role of individual employees. According to the goal setting theory, superior performance by an employee is possible when the employee sets individual goals aligning with his/her organizational objectives. The theory suggests that organizational performance can be improved when employees would work with enough motivation. Therefore, it is to say that achievement of personal goal is the way through which employees stay motivated. On the other hand, based on DeNisi and Smith (2014), the expectancy theory by Victor Vroom interprets the apt percept of performance management. More precisely, performance management and international performance management works fruitfully when employees behaviour is adjusted according to expected level of satisfaction of the valued goals. Therefore, it can be said that in international performance management system, employees performance should be valu ed or evaluated according to the anticipated performance concerning organizational objectives (Tzabbar et al. 2017). If an organization would not consider the importance of giving performance appraisals to the employees, it is a possibility that the organization would lose employee morale, which will directly affect their productivity. In terms of evidence, the case study of the company No Name can be considered. According to the case study and the initial discourse above, the concerned organization is suffering from an unstable organizational culture along with disappointing level of workplace diversity management. Most significantly, it has been identified that instead of being an international organization, No Name does not possess any particular policy for performance management on international level. At the same time, it is shocking to see that performance reviews are only conducted in the head office and not in the subsidiaries. Furthermore, without making any consultation with the management and employees of the subsidiaries, the organization throws instructions on the subsidiaries. Therefore, considering the basic principles and system of performance management, it can be interpreted that the organization does nothing to motivate its employees. Thus, the current condition of the organization, which indicates that the organization is losing brand loyalty and brand image as well faith of most of their investors and it is directly declining the profit rate of the enterprise. Therefore, from the case study, a vivid anticipation about what can exactly occur when there is no policy and proper structure for international performance management in an organization. Training and development In the context of organizational human resource management, it is to say that management of human resource means managing the workforce in order to accomplish organizational goals (Dusterhoff et al. 2014). Therefore, it can be easily said that for achieving organizational objectives, human resource management department of an organization needs to provide adequate training for improvising employee productivity. The chief need to provide employee training is to make up the exiting flaws among the staffs, so that an organization does not need to encounter any predicament in the future. The principle concept of employee training and development indicates the system of imparting of distinct skills or abilities and knowledge to the working employees (Fletcher et al. 2016). On the other hand, a relatively former definition of employee training and development says that training and development is an attempt for improving current or future performance of the employees through the way of inc reasing employees credibility to perform by learning. Moreover, it has been identified that the necessity for training and development in a business enterprise is generally determined when certain deficiencies are recognized in employee performances (Bhatia and Kaur2014). It should be considered in this respect that one of the principle factors that escalates the need of employee training and development is assessment of skill gaps. It has been understood that analysis of skill gap is fundamentally integrated in the formal system of training and development. In order to acquire high-impact employee development and training, an organization requires four distinct steps, which are supposed to be identification of business impact, analysis of skill gap, layer employee training and finally evaluate the effectiveness of the training (Sung and Choi 2014). Henceforth, it seems that fruitful advancement of employee development is determined by two primary aspects, which are layer training and evaluate effectiveness. It is to mention in this respect that training and development do not only applied for improvising and increasing employee productivity but also for cultivating and maintaining appropriate team spirit as well as organizational culture (Jehanzeb an d Bashir 2013). Therefore, it can be interpreted that an apt organizational culture along with high level team spirit, workforce diversity and performance management and training and development all these premises are interrelated with each other under the shed of organizational HRM (Sung and Choi 2014). However, considering the above brief evaluation and the earlier analysis of the present condition of the considered organization, it can be anticipated that as per the reason the organization does not prioritize the need of international performance appraisals, it possibly does not hold any policy for training and development. The anticipation accompanies the case study, which says that there are actually no opportunities for training available for employees. At the same time, it seems that the HR management department does not consider individual need for training and it is shocking that the organization does not share any information about career prospects with the employees. It is therefore understandable that the organization is only showcasing that their performance is determined by training and development though in reality there is nothing as such. Conclusion From the above discourse, it can be deduced that the aspect of organization human resource management is integrated by four key aspects, which are organizational culture, diversity management, international performance management and training and development. The above discussion indicates that while diversity management is a part of organizational culture and works in favour for the organizational profit, international performance management could not be accomplished without performance appraisals, training and development. Along with making in depth reviews of significant concepts and theoretical approach related to organizational HRM, the paper has highlighted that the organization of the case study is failing in each of the above mentioned premises of HR management. According to the paper, the organization of the case study does not have any proper and particular organizational culture. At the same time, the enterprise does not consider mitigating its issues of gender, age and di sability discrimination. Most significantly, there is no particular policy and system for employee performance management and employee of the enterprise does not get the chance to have performance appraisals. Further, there is no facility of training and development too. Therefore, consider the above-mentioned issues, it can be suggested that the organization immediately needs to change its HR management department. It would be most helpful if new groups of experienced HR managers and subordinates could be recruited and distributed on each of the subsidiaries. On the other hand, in order to remove discrimination in the workplace as well in the recruitment process, the authority needs to establish separate teams of managers whose responsibility will be only to monitor whether the workforce diversity is being maintained or not (Buckingham and Goodall 2015). Most significantly, the authority should immediately organize meetings in each of its subsidiaries along with in its head office to assess employee deficiencies. Thereafter, it would be essential to provide adequate training to the employees and thereafter to take individual feedbacks from them. Therefore, above all the organization should reconstruct its working and human resource management cultur e. References Akron, S., Akron, S., Feinblit, O., Feinblit, O., Hareli, S., Hareli, S., Tzafrir, S.S. and Tzafrir, S.S., 2016. Employment arrangements diversity and work group performance.Team Performance Management,22(5/6), pp.310-330. Bhatia, A. and Kaur, L., 2014. Global Training Development trends Practices: An Overview.International Journal of Emerging Research in Management Technology ISSN: 2278,9359(3), p.8. Buckingham, M. and Goodall, A., 2015. Reinventing performance management.Harvard Business Review,93(4), pp.40-50. Burke, W.W., 2013.Organization change: Theory and practice. Sage Publications. Clegg, S.R., Kornberger, M. and Pitsis, T., 2015.Managing and organizations: An introduction to theory and practice. Sage. DeNisi, A. and Smith, C.E., 2014. Performance appraisal, performance management, and firm-level performance: a review, a proposed model, and new directions for future research.Academy of Management Annals,8(1), pp.127-179. Dusterhoff, C., Cunningham, J.B. and MacGregor, J.N., 2014. The effects of performance rating, leadermember exchange, perceived utility, and organizational justice on performance appraisal satisfaction: Applying a moral judgment perspective.Journal of Business Ethics,119(2), pp.265-273. Fay, D., Shipton, H., West, M.A. and Patterson, M., 2015. Teamwork and organizational innovation: The moderating role of the HRM context.Creativity and Innovation Management,24(2), pp.261-277. Fletcher, L., Alfes, K. and Robinson, D., 2016. The relationship between perceived training and development and employee retention: the mediating role of work attitudes.The International Journal of Human Resource Management, pp.1-28. Jehanzeb, K. and Bashir, N.A., 2013. Training and development program and its benefits to employee and organization: A conceptual study.Training and Development,5(2). Kang, H. and Shen, J., 2017. International Performance Appraisal Policies and Practices. InInternational Human Resource Management in South Korean Multinational Enterprises(pp. 113-140). Springer Singapore. Kirton, G. and Greene, A.M., 2015.The dynamics of managing diversity: A critical approach. Routledge. Nica, E., 2013. Organizational culture in the public sector.Economics, Management, and Financial Markets,8(2), pp.179-184. Shafritz, J.M., Ott, J.S. and Jang, Y.S., 2015.Classics of organization theory. Cengage Learning. Sung, S.Y. and Choi, J.N., 2014. Do organizations spend wisely on employees? Effects of training and development investments on learning and innovation in organizations.Journal of organizational behavior,35(3), pp.393-412. Tzabbar, D., Tzafrir, S. and Baruch, Y., 2017. A bridge over troubled water: Replication, integration and extension of the relationship between HRM practices and organizational performance using moderating meta-analysis.Human Resource Management Review,27(1), pp.134-148. Vermeeren, B., Kuipers, B. and Steijn, B., 2014. Does leadership style make a difference? Linking HRM, job satisfaction, and organizational performance.Review of Public Personnel Administration,34(2), pp.174-195. Wei, Y.S., Samiee, S. and Lee, R.P., 2014. The influence of organic organizational cultures, market responsiveness, and product strategy on firm performance in an emerging market.Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science,42(1), pp.49-70. Wondrak, M. and Segert, A., 2015. Using the Diversity Impact Navigator to move from interventions towards diversity management strategies.Journal of Intellectual Capital,16(1), pp.239-254. Yahya, K.K. and Tan, F.Y., 2015. Enhancing Career Commitment: The Influence of Human Resource Management Practices.International Journal of Business and Society,16(2), p.237.